• <nav id="k8kma"><strong id="k8kma"></strong></nav>
  • <tt id="k8kma"><tt id="k8kma"></tt></tt>
    <menu id="k8kma"><tt id="k8kma"></tt></menu>
    <nav id="k8kma"></nav>
  • <xmp id="k8kma"><nav id="k8kma"></nav>
  • <menu id="k8kma"><nav id="k8kma"></nav></menu>
  • <menu id="k8kma"><tt id="k8kma"></tt></menu>

    老子網_老子文化網_老子文化傳承

    丘成桐:數學強國夢

    2019-5-16 20:29| 發布者: 上善若水| 查看: 217| 評論: 0|來自: 人民日報

    摘要: 丘成桐不拿中國薪水,卻立志幫中國成為數學強國。

    33歲摘得世界最高榮譽,被稱為數學王國的“凱撒大帝”;他香港長大,美國工作,卻割舍不斷對祖國的情感;他不拿薪水,擔當國內四家數學科學中心主任;他直言不諱,批判數學界的學術腐敗。他就是數學家丘成桐。

     

    香港長大,美國成名

     

    可他的一顆中國心始終未變

     

    1949年,丘成桐出生在廣東汕頭,同年隨父母移居香港。父親丘鎮英曾是香港中文大學崇基學院的教師,丘成桐從小接受到良好的教育。然而在他14歲那年,父親突然離世,家庭陷入了困頓。

     

     

     

    丘成桐一邊打工一邊學習,17歲考入香港中文大學數學系,開始了他的數學之旅。因為成績優異,丘成桐被推薦至美國伯克利大學深造,在那里得到了數學大師陳省身的言傳身教。

     

     

     

    數學博士畢業后,他定居美國。1979年,丘成桐受當時中科院數學所所長華羅庚的邀請,第一次訪華。自出生之后的30年后,他再次踏上了祖國的土地。

     

    丘成桐:下飛機,我伸手摸了一下北京機場的地,我終于到了中國內地。

     

     

     

    雖然丘成桐很早就離開中國到美國學習和工作,但他從小學習中國歷史和哲學,喜歡吃中國菜、聽中國話,對祖國的情感從沒有因為離開而改變。

     

    丘成桐:我前些年去甘肅走絲綢之路,感覺很好,跟我在看歷史書時的想法能夠共鳴。我去英國看大英博物館,去法國看羅浮宮,都很有意思,但引不起我的共鳴。

     

    之后,丘成桐有意招收來自中國的博士研究生,為中國培養數學人才。他發現中國的大學教育沒有做好,因為到哈佛數學系留學的中國學生水平往往不夠。在博士資格考試中,其他國家的學生差不多能夠達到滿分,而中國學生只能拿到一半的分數。

     

     

     

    于是,丘成桐在中國大學發起數學競賽等人才培養計劃。這些年,哈佛招收的中國留學生,數學水平提高了不少。

     

    不拿薪酬

     

    他只求對中國數學有貢獻就行

     

    上世紀90年代以后,丘成桐先后擔任清華大學數學科學中心、香港中文大學數學研究所、中科院晨興數學中心、浙江大學數學中心的主任。出人意料的是,丘成桐沒有從中拿過任何薪水。

     

     

     

    丘成桐:我在這邊是白干的,我覺得對中國數學有貢獻就行了。錢拿了有什么好處呢,買一個房子,開一個好車子,吃飯好一點。我孩子長大了不需要這個錢,我的錢足夠用了。

     

    雖然不拿薪酬,但作為世界知名的數學大家,丘成桐卻四處為數學研究機構籌集資金,呼吁各方支持數學科研。丘成桐直言,自己并不喜歡這樣的活動。

     

     

     

    丘成桐:有些有資本做生意的人很驕傲,我不想理他們,有些人認為我在求他,其實對我自己沒有好處,我是替這個國家著想。我寧愿去旅行,好好欣賞大自然的風景、歷史,這樣會愉快很多。但是要將項目辦好,我還是愿意花點兒功夫籌錢。

     

    他規定中心科研人員不得兼職

     

    稱兼職是不負責任

     

    丘成桐曾經對媒體表示,他生平立志只做好兩件事情。第一,做出一等的數學研究;第二,為中國數學教育服務,幫助中國成為數學強國。

     

    在丘成桐的帶動下,清華大學數學科學中心已經匯集了來自海內外的100多名優秀教師和科研人員,在數學前沿問題的研究、數學人才的培養等方面,影響力與日俱增。

     

     

     

    通過各種方法,丘成桐給這些年輕的數學家盡量豐厚的收入,但明確規定,不準兼職。

     

    丘成桐:舉個例子來說,哈佛大學給我的職位,除了休假的時間,是九個月薪水,假如我這九個月在其他地方兼職,就是犯法的。很多教授到不同地方兼職,到兼職的學校一年可能頂多就去一個星期,可是拿錢還不少,這是完全不負責任的。學生看不到他,老師也看不到他,可是系里面要做什么事還要由他來做主,這是霸權,很不應當的事。

     

    他說奧數培訓機構是“工廠”

     

    急功近利抹殺孩子興趣

     

    全社會對于數學科學重視程度的欠缺讓丘成桐感到擔心。丘成桐認為,中國家長大多數只希望孩子一生平安有錢,卻不鼓勵他們承擔更多的責任。一些孩子明明在數學方面有天分有興趣,家長卻鼓勵他們去念金融,因為金融能夠賺錢。

     

     

     

    在急功近利思想的主導下,原本應該是從孩子的興趣出發,提高孩子思維能力和學習素養的奧數培訓,全然變了樣。

     

    丘成桐:美國的奧數培養是從興趣方面來培養的。假設有幾千個美國小孩子學奧數,至少有幾十個是很好的,很有興趣的。但是中國學奧數的小孩子有兩三個感興趣的就不錯了。奧校變成一個工廠,培養一些小孩子只能解決奧數的問題,完全不是培養興趣的地方。

     

    他指名道姓批評學術腐敗

     

    稱中國數學教育正發生變化

     

    多年來,丘成桐在接受媒體采訪以及其他場合下,對于數學界的學術腐敗問題以及其他不合理現象指名道姓進行批判,往往身陷輿論的旋渦之中。但丘成桐說,對此他并不后悔。

     

     

     

    丘成桐:這個事情不做,問題就改不了。那我到中國來干嗎?我看到大批天真同時有才華的小孩子,假如他們因為某種制度出不了頭,我過意不去。

     

    丘成桐的批判也確實帶來了許多積極的改變。

     

    丘成桐:舉個例子,有些名校十多年二十年前,教授不給本科生上課,現在都在教。很多教育部的官員跟我講,我講的話他們都看了,他們也在改。這幾年中國政府對基本科學越來越重視。因為大數據也好,人工智能也好,背后全部都是數學。沒有基本科學,中國的科技突破不了,總是要跟著人家后面走。

     

    為丘老點贊!

     

     

    未標題-3
    安徽快三 www.57157.com | WWW.368610.COM | WWW.515973.COM | www.sx1822.com | www.8905k.com | www.27363p.com | 496tt.com | 97618m.com | 56987ff.com | www.193333.net | www.912452.com | WWW.534016.COM | WWW.879611.COM | www.091wy.com | www.hg77730.com | www.848777b.com | 6245a.com | 53262k.com | 500000357.com | 5577vn77.com | 77605n.com | www.49956o.com | www.774808.com | WWW.37323.COM | WWW.654001.COM | WWW.27707.COM | www.bxcp4.com | www.6611d.cc | www.23636f.com | www.2418v.com | www.i2894.com | 2418a.com | blr01.vip | 55qq8331.com | 915905208.com | 66185.com | 033b.net | 2127s.com | www.509987.com | www.05789.com | www.588824.com | www.898304.com | WWW.45893.COM | WWW.99695.COM | WWW.227339.COM | WWW.523257.COM | WWW.518211.COM | www.sygj1.com | www.80175.com | www.yh7771.com | www.2418p.com | www.r999992.com | www.666207.com | www.4996ah.com | www.7415s.com | www.78888js.com | www.888c31.com | jinsha69.com | 1213yyy.com | 8520m.com | 97297d.com | 79964l.com | 6220m.com | 80900.com | 81511x.com | jnn006.com | 091061.com | www.hjcp444.com | hggjtg12.com | www.99113b.com | www.623667.com | www.19019t.com | www.6669ylg.com | www.vns6605.com | www.t32939.com | www.8967b.com | www.58118c.com | www.hg173j.com | www.biying980vip.com | www.861002.com | www.blr8844.com | www.1434j.com | www.882918.com | www.888888yl.com | www.35918m.com | www.2632a.com | WWW.930730.COM | WWW.850886.COM | WWW.181878.COM | WWW.531833.COM | WWW.578535.COM | www.998786.com | www.621431.com | www.www-21058.com | 73055x.com | 7874.cc | 78110077.com | 566777h.com | b2146.com | 30006g.com | www.mhcp4.com | www.1429a1.com | www.833bbb.com | www.26163i.com | www.3890q.com | WWW.747654.COM | WWW.809593.COM | WWW.837659.COM | www.786587.com | www.364747.com | kj4949.com | feicai0701.com | yt8.com | 3242b.com | 65005a.com | www.5446jj.com | www.60886j.com | www.460433.com | www.df76.com | WWW.786023.COM | www.810716.com | lhdq.app | 01234d.com | 6137l.com | 168cp-x.com | www.d32939.com | www.hg08.com | www.3126b.com | WWW.605212.COM | WWW.679134.COM | www.52303a.com | s4255.com | yabo6007.com | www.jjjj006.com | www.556939.com | www.88266f.com | WWW.110039.COM | WWW.130723.COM | www.577983.com | zz180.com | toucai99.com | 896230.com | www.biying960vip.com | www.50788c.com | WWW.810948.COM | WWW.517705.COM | www.028082.com | aaa678.com | 2096w.com | www.296977.com | www.698505.com | www.qmfc2.com | WWW.689637.COM | www.211873.com | 8888jdb.com | c15666.com | www.c44hh.com | www.v0066.tv | WWW.26202.COM | www.540977.com | 8957c.com | r86226.com | www.998855y.com | www.4520033.com | WWW.143326.COM | WWW.684578.COM | 1188589.com | 86611k.com | www.c555.cc | www.6000hd.com | WWW.495282.COM | www.426689.com | hd11939.com | weibo.com | www.10999e.com | www.61655q.com | WWW.451876.COM | www.111306.com | 563946.com | 59889g.com | www.3846e.com | WWW.32362.COM | WWW.391147.COM | js345w.com | 01234vvv.com | www.b7764.com | www.gock3.com | WWW.362667.COM | zhcp74.com | 6175u.com | www.z063801.com | www.c5987.com | WWW.308005.COM | 98955h.com | 500000744.com | www.933436.com | WWW.303048.COM | www.579411.com | cp088v.com | 19991y.com | www.80075y.com | WWW.455647.COM | www.xg48.com | 88851j.com | www.559999.vip | WWW.554058.COM | www.66653v.com | 4152.com | www.9895j.com | WWW.722082.COM | www.524677.com | 1294t.com | www.8967l.com | www.8970.com | www.771746.com | 8855670.com | www.533163.com | www.2dzh.com | www.433737.com | 69448866.com | www.38775aa.com | WWW.323788.COM | www.188458.com | 3890k.com | www.pjc44.vip | WWW.540548.COM | www.007009a.com | 8722xxxx.com | www.36166hh.com | WWW.821858.COM | 478.com | www.hq597.com | www.hm8222.com | www.351731.com | 97340011.com | www.12136v.com | WWW.591135.COM | icesnow.com.cn | feicai0455.com | www.33588m.com | www.799243.com | 99909v.com | www.xj7002.com | WWW.443515.COM | 518cp-7.com | 8827yy.com | www.36166c.com | www.rcw8855.com | 9539.com | www.792065.com | WWW.554663.COM | 20550580.com | www.06820t.com | WWW.499848.COM | ca5055.com | www.938l.cc | WWW.602891.COM | www.003963.com | e86811.com | www.53900m.com | www.608986.com | 3750.com | www.js1046.com | WWW.709045.COM | 25288h.com | www.9895o.com | WWW.186568.COM | 1098.cc | www.8008553.com | WWW.495446.COM | 3788q.com | www.32031l.com | WWW.260192.COM | hr1811.com | www.1754x.com | WWW.606668.COM | yidali.com | www.12136o.com | WWW.630072.COM | 3822t.com | www.89777x.com | www.727079.com | 6150.com | www.096wy.com | 334335.com | www.lfcp123.com | WWW.201635.COM | 5001e.com | www.4136j.com | WWW.482318.COM | 19991m.com | www.63800b.com | www.904861.com | 4255qqq.com | www.003ac.com | 1813u.com | www.8516.com | WWW.33592.COM | 111hg88.com | www.5859118.com | www.602985.com | 88214.net | WWW.320288.COM | aoxueqi.com | www.35252f.com | WWW.284711.COM | 3656xx.com | www.20995.cc | d5959.com | www.00778y.com | WWW.856887.COM | hbs481.com | www.rrle1.com | vv56988.com | www.6133.com | www.550249.com | 2299555.com | WWW.27929.COM | 998g.cc | www.81520g.com | 7196f.com | www.00772x.com | WWW.824510.COM | 1724444.com | WWW.84110.COM | 1665v.com | www.3566.com | www.818588.com | www.57800g.com | WWW.308005.COM | wb130.com | WWW.283810.COM | 26849.com | www.44gpc.com | mw0621.com | www.89777p.com | www.124467.com | www.4058k.com | WWW.451810.COM | qjdy004.com | WWW.445635.COM | 566777v.com | www.c133.vip | 6868oo.cc | www.33112f.com | 365499.bet | www.flb909.com | www.038909.com | www.04567h.com | www.712250.com | www.138cpb.com | WWW.884757.COM | 9995x.cc | WWW.838051.COM | 44112007.com | WWW.903416.COM | 3522a.vip | WWW.333357.COM | 36405544.com | WWW.219957.COM | 756756d.com | WWW.232393.COM | 5858394.com | www.461.cc | 88850uu.com | www.1368z.cc | gg69096.com | www.2109v.com | 1654oo.com | www.6364s.com | asddz.com | www.5091t.com | 505ooo.com | www.15355r.com | 364850.com | www.43818c.com | dz0999.com | www.5522h.cc | bwinyyy.com | WWW.576455.COM | 47751.com | WWW.312585.COM | 4541r.com | WWW.441060.COM | uet.bet | WWW.789582.COM | 17159455.com | www.715585.com | www.07bet8.com | www.178759.com | www.63606f.com | 79964c.com | www.amdwc.net | 5906hh.com | www.585hc.com | 405.com | WWW.454635.COM | 86811.com | WWW.881984.COM | www.1168l.com | www.361477.com | www.00878.com | xpj70063.com | www.77801y.com | 6594jj.com | WWW.246116.COM | 3667.com | WWW.351545.COM | www.cp67774.com | www.307797.com | www.4102v.com | 365355.com | www.79gcw.com | 3559jjjj.com | WWW.642488.COM | 80878d.com | www.197093.com | www.aa888.cc | 9645uu.com | WWW.678294.COM | yt8bet.com | WWW.115806.COM | www.bet63k.com | www.663078.com | www.68568c.com | 2381o.com | WWW.928908.COM | youle307.com | www.038079.com | www.588904.com | 6002e.com | WWW.2894.COM | youle307.com | www.43131n.com | www.12455u.com | 22207z.com | WWW.48607.COM | www.79500z.com | 88347.com | www.07163j.com | 66681n.com | WWW.348099.COM | www.704904.com | 37570v.com | WWW.582557.COM | 6830r.com | www.338082.com | www.ya2019a.com | 402d5.com | WWW.113410.COM | www.4058aa.com | bbx888.com | WWW.514699.COM | 2190k.com | www.196091.com | www.60007w.com | 3568ww.com | WWW.242529.COM | www.7036d.com | 4323k.com | WWW.215637.COM | www.7415j.com | 2546f.com | WWW.20718.COM | www.287722.com | 1219.com | WWW.663520.COM | www5144.com | 9964wz.com | WWW.143326.COM | 3078z.com | m.60345.hk | WWW.816234.COM | 7779y.cc | blr2033.com | WWW.216293.COM | 23233h.com | 667766g.com | WWW.71227.COM | www.61500.cc | 0044.cc | WWW.20738.COM | www.8313g.com | 3y4400.com | WWW.916001.COM | www.bwinyz31.com | 88904040.com | WWW.841013.COM | www.1764l.com | 9999hd.com | www.808466.com | www.66621d.com | 99112007.com | www.097788.com | WWW.313957.COM | www.tt8088.com | 1489y.com | WWW.707333.COM | www.22ok22.com | 3679jj.com | www.rcw8899.com | www.5091o.com | i2894.com | 2012bet5.com | WWW.874102.COM | www.3w444.com | 992222w.com | www.532918.com | www.77clf.com | 7736w.com | 015114.com | WWW.166116.COM | www.165888.com | hg123311.com | www.460123.com | WWW.9287.COM | www.291693.com | 3822s.com | www.277739.com | WWW.236898.COM | www.829797a.com | 22117e.com | www.560231.com | www.fcff6.com | www.92518.com | 363369.com | www.662182.com | www.sxyl6.com | www.d5669.com | rauuu.com | www.585868.cc | www.c144.vip | www.55070z.com | 88119f.com | www.053059.com | WWW.798499.COM | www.77785yh.com | 3822k.com | 9193.am | WWW.630580.COM | www.55785.com | 87665i.com | bwinwww.com | www.855085.com | www.c1350.com | www.bet63z.com | hg00000.com | 137136.com | WWW.388651.COM | www.87668n.com | www.55526q.com | 8790w.com | www.370583.com | WWW.625683.COM | www.a63568.com | 2247w.com | 11005e.com | www.djcp009.com | WWW.787678.COM | www.2997774.com | 58-mm.com | 6868qq.cc | www.791397.com | WWW.509182.COM | www.75600x.com | 97799p.com | 66066o.com | www.440689.com | WWW.180111.COM | www.139975.com | www.5049z.com | 874755.com | yongfengfa.com | WWW.583037.COM | WWW.65299.COM | www.885608.com | 2267m.com | 788.cc | 222880.com | WWW.533107.COM | www.flff3.com | www.33678ee.com | 6220i.com | 1463g.com | www.62520.com | WWW.237601.COM | www.fh52.com | www.556510.com | 2649e.com | 749101.com | 08530001.com | www.862366.com | WWW.292733.COM | www.96386q.com | www.673888z.com | 3522qq.com | hg0088.pw | www.760222.com | WWW.720064.COM | WWW.30378.COM | www.3978l.com | www.5250666.com | 2jsuuu.com | w88984.com | P35x.com | www.599830.com | WWW.757329.COM | www.4cpb.com | www.3566ff.com | www.8967h.com | jinshabet.com | 7599xx.com | 531288.com | www.506931.com | WWW.586883.COM | www.cp3.xyz | www.4923j.com | www.540640c.com | hwcp.com | hg21210.com | 6177002.com | 88807.com | www.811756.com | WWW.70862.COM | WWW.632636.COM | www.9646s.com | www.hh55826.com | 8890852.com | 3066aaa.com | hg7078.biz | 0246bc.com | www.917052.com | WWW.557994.COM | www.hy5503.com | www.3978p.com | www.w84g.com | www.1168d.com | 52239.com | 4018x.com | 11dd8332.com | 3009s.com | www.96386e.com | www.916570.com | WWW.697744.COM | WWW.881666.COM | www.99fzc.com | www.bet73o.com | www.56011p.com | www.55070f.com | www.2y926.com | 3121yy.com | hbs469.com | 4379d.com | jixiang8.com | amxj365.com | www.29277a.com | www.589196.com | WWW.78218.COM | WWW.872992.COM | WWW.137306.COM | WWW.290027.COM | www.hm3555.com | www.41855.cc | www.ra017.com | www.888.com | www.89155.com | www.16181c.com | www.5049x.com | 30007k.com | 3522zz.com | 8381x.com | 4022jj.com | swtyjc.com | 624815.com | 1665j.com | 3122qq.com | 3121t.com | 66300vip18.com | www.41738.com | www.080.cc | www.082707.com | www.290038.com | www.398793.com | www.550919.com | www.760557.com | www.wcp6698.com | WWW.184784.COM | WWW.665335.COM | WWW.390095.COM | WWW.921448.COM | WWW.358087.COM | WWW.153601.COM | WWW.846493.COM | WWW.873466.COM | WWW.337448.COM | WWW.509616.COM | WWW.429816.COM | WWW.789756.COM | WWW.932009.COM | WWW.341541.COM | WWW.318293.COM | WWW.47747.COM | WWW.574666.COM | WWW.272896.COM | WWW.244405.COM | WWW.907581.COM | WWW.485724.COM | WWW.313889.COM | www.977657.com | www.854766.com | www.606674.com | www.493306.com | www.178379.com | www.51515i.com | 888960.com | 22966.com | 3399vn77.com | 789555.cc | 5446p.com | 2383cc.com | 04666m.com | 9339999z.com | 7720c.net | 44488q.com | 90856z.com | www.331133.com | www.7366005.com | www.78680f.com | www.fa7969.com | www.0270a.com | www.3552a.com | WWW.208731.COM | WWW.56528.COM | WWW.91319.COM | WWW.828016.COM | WWW.358806.COM | www.624880.com | www.77803e.com | vv8824.com | 500000519.com | 97297u.com | bb40033.com | 2127l.com | 32365v.com | www.4446ggg.com | www.6386d.com | www.89777v.com | www.6364d.com | WWW.59450.COM | WWW.366086.COM | WWW.663490.COM | www.193195.com | 00778l.com | yh77.com | 4556k.com | LXYL350.com | www.tyc723.com | www.792085.com | www.61655j.com | WWW.185654.COM | WWW.629057.COM | WWW.333385.COM | www.117809.com | ylg5888.com | 4136.com | so77777.cc | 8294z.com | www.45598m.com | www.606117.com | WWW.770208.COM | WWW.913001.COM | www.568565.com | j35151.com | 31786666.com | 99567x.com | www.099923.com | www.0600u.cc | www.50026w.com | WWW.183499.COM | WWW.210373.COM | www.063766.com | 4812q.com | ss67890.com | 5001f.com | www.8905z.com | www.5091y.com | WWW.758101.COM | www.807683.com | 00552007.com | 1408z.com | 2381yy.com | www.115527f.com | www.76520c.com | WWW.197692.COM | WWW.433204.COM | 37987.com | 5004mm.com | 3045.com | www.4196s.com | www.89979.cc | WWW.696954.COM | www.544096.com | 01234ii.com | 3566jj.com | www.wy8008.com | www.28891a.com | WWW.473686.COM | WWW.595703.COM | c388v.com | 2544411.com | 1098.com | www.99094z.com | WWW.158485.COM | WWW.835991.COM | bet8688.com | 2147xl.com | www.5966hhh.com | www.63683.com | WWW.819303.COM | www.673266.com | 3344blg.com | 44dd8332.com | www.cn365e.com | www.07929.cc | WWW.199250.COM | www.41518b.com | c388u.com | 6363p.com | www.89777v.com | WWW.32376.COM | www.506739.com | lego.vip | 83377n.com | www.112.ceo | WWW.303056.COM | www.609477.com | k5429.com | 111122yy.com | www.297555.com | WWW.571505.COM | www.451117.com | 1397.am | 5647oo.com | www.pj56ii.com | WWW.522635.COM | www.112725.com | 7720g.com | www.88166t.com | www.3416m.com | WWW.132653.COM | 11betbet365.com | 655660077.com | www.5446l.com | WWW.77447.COM | www.343133.com | 80368x.com | www.68277999.com | www.26299h.com | WWW.415122.COM | 28288nn.com | 23800v.com | www.5856885.com | WWW.80538.COM | www.93499.com | 3467i.am | www.v2222.com | WWW.684158.COM | www.366019.com | 7508h.com | www.5446gg.com | WWW.665482.COM | www.659957.com | 168b1.com | www.58665t.com | www.371e.cc | www.898140.com | 66681v.com | www.808888c.com | www.csgc1.com | www.609814.com | 2190g.com | www.92302.com | WWW.29807.COM | www.303467.com | 36406677.com | www.063801i.com | WWW.923214.COM | 55288a.com | yhguizhou.vip | www.6678697.com | WWW.833536.COM | 78111177.com | www.c51jj.vip | www.hy5506.com | www.342577.com | 4167w.com | www.cc4625.com | WWW.33872.COM | 30006y.com | www.998855y.com | www.fcyl4.com | www.303472.com | pj88pp.com | www.bmw8044.com | WWW.320034.COM | 35252d.com | www.98698n.com | WWW.195977.COM | www.5949.com | 58533333.com | www.52072s.com | www.816830.com | 918tx.com | www.7036000.com | WWW.699990.COM | hg9168.vip | www.tyc748.com | WWW.73538.COM | m8159.cc | 22296uu.com | www.33qxc.com | www.178311.com | 00uu8332.com | www.7714c.com | www.902261.com | 11005n.com | www.hg860011.com | WWW.15251.COM | 7811bb.com | www.23819.co | WWW.50520.COM | js03.app | www.4521m.com | WWW.745432.COM | 1389b.com | www.46630.vip | WWW.480872.COM | 1434i.com | www.73990c.com | WWW.335553.COM | 40666333.com | www.l2894.com | WWW.173879.COM | 9101908.com | www.70669a.com | WWW.384928.COM | 100404.com | www.6482n.com | www.682918.com | t1915t.com | www.50051g.com | www.177502.com | 2349012.com | www.tcsj.com | 4116m.com | www.518737.com | WWW.78518.COM | 6888zx.com | www.7036ss.com | WWW.492468.COM | 3566qq.com | www.50052r.com | www.163770.com | 3242.com | WWW.400951.COM | 6363i.com | www.55070r.com | WWW.30666.COM | xc860.top | www.87668g.com | www.109883.com | 883399e.com | WWW.23058.COM | bwin910.co | www.yh234f.com | WWW.921558.COM | v0141.com | www.9149f.com | www.6116111.com | www.21202t.com | WWW.283545.COM | 14683355.com | www.78949j.com | www.386465.com | www.138cpn.com | WWW.19151.COM | 72550.com | www.4323a.com | www.076069.com | 2hg7788.com | WWW.919710.COM | bwinfff.com | www.99677p.com | www.1426.com | www.yzcp2023.com | WWW.754692.COM | amhg099.com | www.88ckb.com | 73999x.com | www.06386644.com | www.862870.com | 6868tt.cc | WWW.557450.COM | 112o.net | www.43818g.com | 4809d.com | www.06386622.com | www.768656.com | 168cp-w.com | WWW.493600.COM | so33333.cc | www.38y.com | 3405www.com | www.j63568.com | www.126438.com | www.998855s.com | WWW.330650.COM | ss00558.com | WWW.54102.COM | 3614n.com | www.60123z.com | 75991h.com | www.12136x.com | www.235693.com | www.52022.tv | WWW.235105.COM | 83377s.com | WWW.723509.COM | 36408888.com | WWW.255240.COM | 88wb8.com | www.9818y.cc | 20177772.com | www.135539.com | 59964yy.com | www.661326.com | www.229075.com | www.7415d.com | www.799417.com | 44462949.com | WWW.4296.COM | 3379e.com | WWW.668490.COM | JS1388o.com | WWW.579651.COM | 11163355.com | WWW.130924.COM | 8344111.com | WWW.65093.COM | 33599ff.com | www.c147.vip | aaa4165.com | www.555hy.cc | jdb58.com | www.3416i.com | 9484H.com | www.9478b.com | 44488p.com | www.26299d.com | bwin68888.net | www.00665d.com | n2894.com | www.87096.com | 6944009.com | www.8839f.com | 66648z.com | www.3478r.cc | 3232394.com | www.5854o.cc | cp088t.com | www.zcwf6.com | 655660022.com | WWW.516267.COM | 579336.com | WWW.807226.COM | k14666.com | WWW.886665.COM | 2490g.com | WWW.440156.COM | ambjl03.com |

    手機版|關于我們|老子網_老子文化網_老子文化傳承 ( 京ICP備15000038號-2  

    GMT+8, 2019-7-17 09:41 , Processed in 0.053090 second(s), 18 queries .

    Powered by Discuz! X3.2

    © 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

    返回頂部
    www.57157.com | WWW.368610.COM | WWW.515973.COM | www.sx1822.com | www.8905k.com | www.27363p.com | 496tt.com | 97618m.com | 56987ff.com | www.193333.net | www.912452.com | WWW.534016.COM | WWW.879611.COM | www.091wy.com | www.hg77730.com | www.848777b.com | 6245a.com | 53262k.com | 500000357.com | 5577vn77.com | 77605n.com | www.49956o.com | www.774808.com | WWW.37323.COM | WWW.654001.COM | WWW.27707.COM | www.bxcp4.com | www.6611d.cc | www.23636f.com | www.2418v.com | www.i2894.com | 2418a.com | blr01.vip | 55qq8331.com | 915905208.com | 66185.com | 033b.net | 2127s.com | www.509987.com | www.05789.com | www.588824.com | www.898304.com | WWW.45893.COM | WWW.99695.COM | WWW.227339.COM | WWW.523257.COM | WWW.518211.COM | www.sygj1.com | www.80175.com | www.yh7771.com | www.2418p.com | www.r999992.com | www.666207.com | www.4996ah.com | www.7415s.com | www.78888js.com | www.888c31.com | jinsha69.com | 1213yyy.com | 8520m.com | 97297d.com | 79964l.com | 6220m.com | 80900.com | 81511x.com | jnn006.com | 091061.com | www.hjcp444.com | hggjtg12.com | www.99113b.com | www.623667.com | www.19019t.com | www.6669ylg.com | www.vns6605.com | www.t32939.com | www.8967b.com | www.58118c.com | www.hg173j.com | www.biying980vip.com | www.861002.com | www.blr8844.com | www.1434j.com | www.882918.com | www.888888yl.com | www.35918m.com | www.2632a.com | WWW.930730.COM | WWW.850886.COM | WWW.181878.COM | WWW.531833.COM | WWW.578535.COM | www.998786.com | www.621431.com | www.www-21058.com | 73055x.com | 7874.cc | 78110077.com | 566777h.com | b2146.com | 30006g.com | www.mhcp4.com | www.1429a1.com | www.833bbb.com | www.26163i.com | www.3890q.com | WWW.747654.COM | WWW.809593.COM | WWW.837659.COM | www.786587.com | www.364747.com | kj4949.com | feicai0701.com | yt8.com | 3242b.com | 65005a.com | www.5446jj.com | www.60886j.com | www.460433.com | www.df76.com | WWW.786023.COM | www.810716.com | lhdq.app | 01234d.com | 6137l.com | 168cp-x.com | www.d32939.com | www.hg08.com | www.3126b.com | WWW.605212.COM | WWW.679134.COM | www.52303a.com | s4255.com | yabo6007.com | www.jjjj006.com | www.556939.com | www.88266f.com | WWW.110039.COM | WWW.130723.COM | www.577983.com | zz180.com | toucai99.com | 896230.com | www.biying960vip.com | www.50788c.com | WWW.810948.COM | WWW.517705.COM | www.028082.com | aaa678.com | 2096w.com | www.296977.com | www.698505.com | www.qmfc2.com | WWW.689637.COM | www.211873.com | 8888jdb.com | c15666.com | www.c44hh.com | www.v0066.tv | WWW.26202.COM | www.540977.com | 8957c.com | r86226.com | www.998855y.com | www.4520033.com | WWW.143326.COM | WWW.684578.COM | 1188589.com | 86611k.com | www.c555.cc | www.6000hd.com | WWW.495282.COM | www.426689.com | hd11939.com | weibo.com | www.10999e.com | www.61655q.com | WWW.451876.COM | www.111306.com | 563946.com | 59889g.com | www.3846e.com | WWW.32362.COM | WWW.391147.COM | js345w.com | 01234vvv.com | www.b7764.com | www.gock3.com | WWW.362667.COM | zhcp74.com | 6175u.com | www.z063801.com | www.c5987.com | WWW.308005.COM | 98955h.com | 500000744.com | www.933436.com | WWW.303048.COM | www.579411.com | cp088v.com | 19991y.com | www.80075y.com | WWW.455647.COM | www.xg48.com | 88851j.com | www.559999.vip | WWW.554058.COM | www.66653v.com | 4152.com | www.9895j.com | WWW.722082.COM | www.524677.com | 1294t.com | www.8967l.com | www.8970.com | www.771746.com | 8855670.com | www.533163.com | www.2dzh.com | www.433737.com | 69448866.com | www.38775aa.com | WWW.323788.COM | www.188458.com | 3890k.com | www.pjc44.vip | WWW.540548.COM | www.007009a.com | 8722xxxx.com | www.36166hh.com | WWW.821858.COM | 478.com | www.hq597.com | www.hm8222.com | www.351731.com | 97340011.com | www.12136v.com | WWW.591135.COM | icesnow.com.cn | feicai0455.com | www.33588m.com | www.799243.com | 99909v.com | www.xj7002.com | WWW.443515.COM | 518cp-7.com | 8827yy.com | www.36166c.com | www.rcw8855.com | 9539.com | www.792065.com | WWW.554663.COM | 20550580.com | www.06820t.com | WWW.499848.COM | ca5055.com | www.938l.cc | WWW.602891.COM | www.003963.com | e86811.com | www.53900m.com | www.608986.com | 3750.com | www.js1046.com | WWW.709045.COM | 25288h.com | www.9895o.com | WWW.186568.COM | 1098.cc | www.8008553.com | WWW.495446.COM | 3788q.com | www.32031l.com | WWW.260192.COM | hr1811.com | www.1754x.com | WWW.606668.COM | yidali.com | www.12136o.com | WWW.630072.COM | 3822t.com | www.89777x.com | www.727079.com | 6150.com | www.096wy.com | 334335.com | www.lfcp123.com | WWW.201635.COM | 5001e.com | www.4136j.com | WWW.482318.COM | 19991m.com | www.63800b.com | www.904861.com | 4255qqq.com | www.003ac.com | 1813u.com | www.8516.com | WWW.33592.COM | 111hg88.com | www.5859118.com | www.602985.com | 88214.net | WWW.320288.COM | aoxueqi.com | www.35252f.com | WWW.284711.COM | 3656xx.com | www.20995.cc | d5959.com | www.00778y.com | WWW.856887.COM | hbs481.com | www.rrle1.com | vv56988.com | www.6133.com | www.550249.com | 2299555.com | WWW.27929.COM | 998g.cc | www.81520g.com | 7196f.com | www.00772x.com | WWW.824510.COM | 1724444.com | WWW.84110.COM | 1665v.com | www.3566.com | www.818588.com | www.57800g.com | WWW.308005.COM | wb130.com | WWW.283810.COM | 26849.com | www.44gpc.com | mw0621.com | www.89777p.com | www.124467.com | www.4058k.com | WWW.451810.COM | qjdy004.com | WWW.445635.COM | 566777v.com | www.c133.vip | 6868oo.cc | www.33112f.com | 365499.bet | www.flb909.com | www.038909.com | www.04567h.com | www.712250.com | www.138cpb.com | WWW.884757.COM | 9995x.cc | WWW.838051.COM | 44112007.com | WWW.903416.COM | 3522a.vip | WWW.333357.COM | 36405544.com | WWW.219957.COM | 756756d.com | WWW.232393.COM | 5858394.com | www.461.cc | 88850uu.com | www.1368z.cc | gg69096.com | www.2109v.com | 1654oo.com | www.6364s.com | asddz.com | www.5091t.com | 505ooo.com | www.15355r.com | 364850.com | www.43818c.com | dz0999.com | www.5522h.cc | bwinyyy.com | WWW.576455.COM | 47751.com | WWW.312585.COM | 4541r.com | WWW.441060.COM | uet.bet | WWW.789582.COM | 17159455.com | www.715585.com | www.07bet8.com | www.178759.com | www.63606f.com | 79964c.com | www.amdwc.net | 5906hh.com | www.585hc.com | 405.com | WWW.454635.COM | 86811.com | WWW.881984.COM | www.1168l.com | www.361477.com | www.00878.com | xpj70063.com | www.77801y.com | 6594jj.com | WWW.246116.COM | 3667.com | WWW.351545.COM | www.cp67774.com | www.307797.com | www.4102v.com | 365355.com | www.79gcw.com | 3559jjjj.com | WWW.642488.COM | 80878d.com | www.197093.com | www.aa888.cc | 9645uu.com | WWW.678294.COM | yt8bet.com | WWW.115806.COM | www.bet63k.com | www.663078.com | www.68568c.com | 2381o.com | WWW.928908.COM | youle307.com | www.038079.com | www.588904.com | 6002e.com | WWW.2894.COM | youle307.com | www.43131n.com | www.12455u.com | 22207z.com | WWW.48607.COM | www.79500z.com | 88347.com | www.07163j.com | 66681n.com | WWW.348099.COM | www.704904.com | 37570v.com | WWW.582557.COM | 6830r.com | www.338082.com | www.ya2019a.com | 402d5.com | WWW.113410.COM | www.4058aa.com | bbx888.com | WWW.514699.COM | 2190k.com | www.196091.com | www.60007w.com | 3568ww.com | WWW.242529.COM | www.7036d.com | 4323k.com | WWW.215637.COM | www.7415j.com | 2546f.com | WWW.20718.COM | www.287722.com | 1219.com | WWW.663520.COM | www5144.com | 9964wz.com | WWW.143326.COM | 3078z.com | m.60345.hk | WWW.816234.COM | 7779y.cc | blr2033.com | WWW.216293.COM | 23233h.com | 667766g.com | WWW.71227.COM | www.61500.cc | 0044.cc | WWW.20738.COM | www.8313g.com | 3y4400.com | WWW.916001.COM | www.bwinyz31.com | 88904040.com | WWW.841013.COM | www.1764l.com | 9999hd.com | www.808466.com | www.66621d.com | 99112007.com | www.097788.com | WWW.313957.COM | www.tt8088.com | 1489y.com | WWW.707333.COM | www.22ok22.com | 3679jj.com | www.rcw8899.com | www.5091o.com | i2894.com | 2012bet5.com | WWW.874102.COM | www.3w444.com | 992222w.com | www.532918.com | www.77clf.com | 7736w.com | 015114.com | WWW.166116.COM | www.165888.com | hg123311.com | www.460123.com | WWW.9287.COM | www.291693.com | 3822s.com | www.277739.com | WWW.236898.COM | www.829797a.com | 22117e.com | www.560231.com | www.fcff6.com | www.92518.com | 363369.com | www.662182.com | www.sxyl6.com | www.d5669.com | rauuu.com | www.585868.cc | www.c144.vip | www.55070z.com | 88119f.com | www.053059.com | WWW.798499.COM | www.77785yh.com | 3822k.com | 9193.am | WWW.630580.COM | www.55785.com | 87665i.com | bwinwww.com | www.855085.com | www.c1350.com | www.bet63z.com | hg00000.com | 137136.com | WWW.388651.COM | www.87668n.com | www.55526q.com | 8790w.com | www.370583.com | WWW.625683.COM | www.a63568.com | 2247w.com | 11005e.com | www.djcp009.com | WWW.787678.COM | www.2997774.com | 58-mm.com | 6868qq.cc | www.791397.com | WWW.509182.COM | www.75600x.com | 97799p.com | 66066o.com | www.440689.com | WWW.180111.COM | www.139975.com | www.5049z.com | 874755.com | yongfengfa.com | WWW.583037.COM | WWW.65299.COM | www.885608.com | 2267m.com | 788.cc | 222880.com | WWW.533107.COM | www.flff3.com | www.33678ee.com | 6220i.com | 1463g.com | www.62520.com | WWW.237601.COM | www.fh52.com | www.556510.com | 2649e.com | 749101.com | 08530001.com | www.862366.com | WWW.292733.COM | www.96386q.com | www.673888z.com | 3522qq.com | hg0088.pw | www.760222.com | WWW.720064.COM | WWW.30378.COM | www.3978l.com | www.5250666.com | 2jsuuu.com | w88984.com | P35x.com | www.599830.com | WWW.757329.COM | www.4cpb.com | www.3566ff.com | www.8967h.com | jinshabet.com | 7599xx.com | 531288.com | www.506931.com | WWW.586883.COM | www.cp3.xyz | www.4923j.com | www.540640c.com | hwcp.com | hg21210.com | 6177002.com | 88807.com | www.811756.com | WWW.70862.COM | WWW.632636.COM | www.9646s.com | www.hh55826.com | 8890852.com | 3066aaa.com | hg7078.biz | 0246bc.com | www.917052.com | WWW.557994.COM | www.hy5503.com | www.3978p.com | www.w84g.com | www.1168d.com | 52239.com | 4018x.com | 11dd8332.com | 3009s.com | www.96386e.com | www.916570.com | WWW.697744.COM | WWW.881666.COM | www.99fzc.com | www.bet73o.com | www.56011p.com | www.55070f.com | www.2y926.com | 3121yy.com | hbs469.com | 4379d.com | jixiang8.com | amxj365.com | www.29277a.com | www.589196.com | WWW.78218.COM | WWW.872992.COM | WWW.137306.COM | WWW.290027.COM | www.hm3555.com | www.41855.cc | www.ra017.com | www.888.com | www.89155.com | www.16181c.com | www.5049x.com | 30007k.com | 3522zz.com | 8381x.com | 4022jj.com | swtyjc.com | 624815.com | 1665j.com | 3122qq.com | 3121t.com | 66300vip18.com | www.41738.com | www.080.cc | www.082707.com | www.290038.com | www.398793.com | www.550919.com | www.760557.com | www.wcp6698.com | WWW.184784.COM | WWW.665335.COM | WWW.390095.COM | WWW.921448.COM | WWW.358087.COM | WWW.153601.COM | WWW.846493.COM | WWW.873466.COM | WWW.337448.COM | WWW.509616.COM | WWW.429816.COM | WWW.789756.COM | WWW.932009.COM | WWW.341541.COM | WWW.318293.COM | WWW.47747.COM | WWW.574666.COM | WWW.272896.COM | WWW.244405.COM | WWW.907581.COM | WWW.485724.COM | WWW.313889.COM | www.977657.com | www.854766.com | www.606674.com | www.493306.com | www.178379.com | www.51515i.com | 888960.com | 22966.com | 3399vn77.com | 789555.cc | 5446p.com | 2383cc.com | 04666m.com | 9339999z.com | 7720c.net | 44488q.com | 90856z.com | www.331133.com | www.7366005.com | www.78680f.com | www.fa7969.com | www.0270a.com | www.3552a.com | WWW.208731.COM | WWW.56528.COM | WWW.91319.COM | WWW.828016.COM | WWW.358806.COM | www.624880.com | www.77803e.com | vv8824.com | 500000519.com | 97297u.com | bb40033.com | 2127l.com | 32365v.com | www.4446ggg.com | www.6386d.com | www.89777v.com | www.6364d.com | WWW.59450.COM | WWW.366086.COM | WWW.663490.COM | www.193195.com | 00778l.com | yh77.com | 4556k.com | LXYL350.com | www.tyc723.com | www.792085.com | www.61655j.com | WWW.185654.COM | WWW.629057.COM | WWW.333385.COM | www.117809.com | ylg5888.com | 4136.com | so77777.cc | 8294z.com | www.45598m.com | www.606117.com | WWW.770208.COM | WWW.913001.COM | www.568565.com | j35151.com | 31786666.com | 99567x.com | www.099923.com | www.0600u.cc | www.50026w.com | WWW.183499.COM | WWW.210373.COM | www.063766.com | 4812q.com | ss67890.com | 5001f.com | www.8905z.com | www.5091y.com | WWW.758101.COM | www.807683.com | 00552007.com | 1408z.com | 2381yy.com | www.115527f.com | www.76520c.com | WWW.197692.COM | WWW.433204.COM | 37987.com | 5004mm.com | 3045.com | www.4196s.com | www.89979.cc | WWW.696954.COM | www.544096.com | 01234ii.com | 3566jj.com | www.wy8008.com | www.28891a.com | WWW.473686.COM | WWW.595703.COM | c388v.com | 2544411.com | 1098.com | www.99094z.com | WWW.158485.COM | WWW.835991.COM | bet8688.com | 2147xl.com | www.5966hhh.com | www.63683.com | WWW.819303.COM | www.673266.com | 3344blg.com | 44dd8332.com | www.cn365e.com | www.07929.cc | WWW.199250.COM | www.41518b.com | c388u.com | 6363p.com | www.89777v.com | WWW.32376.COM | www.506739.com | lego.vip | 83377n.com | www.112.ceo | WWW.303056.COM | www.609477.com | k5429.com | 111122yy.com | www.297555.com | WWW.571505.COM | www.451117.com | 1397.am | 5647oo.com | www.pj56ii.com | WWW.522635.COM | www.112725.com | 7720g.com | www.88166t.com | www.3416m.com | WWW.132653.COM | 11betbet365.com | 655660077.com | www.5446l.com | WWW.77447.COM | www.343133.com | 80368x.com | www.68277999.com | www.26299h.com | WWW.415122.COM | 28288nn.com | 23800v.com | www.5856885.com | WWW.80538.COM | www.93499.com | 3467i.am | www.v2222.com | WWW.684158.COM | www.366019.com | 7508h.com | www.5446gg.com | WWW.665482.COM | www.659957.com | 168b1.com | www.58665t.com | www.371e.cc | www.898140.com | 66681v.com | www.808888c.com | www.csgc1.com | www.609814.com | 2190g.com | www.92302.com | WWW.29807.COM | www.303467.com | 36406677.com | www.063801i.com | WWW.923214.COM | 55288a.com | yhguizhou.vip | www.6678697.com | WWW.833536.COM | 78111177.com | www.c51jj.vip | www.hy5506.com | www.342577.com | 4167w.com | www.cc4625.com | WWW.33872.COM | 30006y.com | www.998855y.com | www.fcyl4.com | www.303472.com | pj88pp.com | www.bmw8044.com | WWW.320034.COM | 35252d.com | www.98698n.com | WWW.195977.COM | www.5949.com | 58533333.com | www.52072s.com | www.816830.com | 918tx.com | www.7036000.com | WWW.699990.COM | hg9168.vip | www.tyc748.com | WWW.73538.COM | m8159.cc | 22296uu.com | www.33qxc.com | www.178311.com | 00uu8332.com | www.7714c.com | www.902261.com | 11005n.com | www.hg860011.com | WWW.15251.COM | 7811bb.com | www.23819.co | WWW.50520.COM | js03.app | www.4521m.com | WWW.745432.COM | 1389b.com | www.46630.vip | WWW.480872.COM | 1434i.com | www.73990c.com | WWW.335553.COM | 40666333.com | www.l2894.com | WWW.173879.COM | 9101908.com | www.70669a.com | WWW.384928.COM | 100404.com | www.6482n.com | www.682918.com | t1915t.com | www.50051g.com | www.177502.com | 2349012.com | www.tcsj.com | 4116m.com | www.518737.com | WWW.78518.COM | 6888zx.com | www.7036ss.com | WWW.492468.COM | 3566qq.com | www.50052r.com | www.163770.com | 3242.com | WWW.400951.COM | 6363i.com | www.55070r.com | WWW.30666.COM | xc860.top | www.87668g.com | www.109883.com | 883399e.com | WWW.23058.COM | bwin910.co | www.yh234f.com | WWW.921558.COM | v0141.com | www.9149f.com | www.6116111.com | www.21202t.com | WWW.283545.COM | 14683355.com | www.78949j.com | www.386465.com | www.138cpn.com | WWW.19151.COM | 72550.com | www.4323a.com | www.076069.com | 2hg7788.com | WWW.919710.COM | bwinfff.com | www.99677p.com | www.1426.com | www.yzcp2023.com | WWW.754692.COM | amhg099.com | www.88ckb.com | 73999x.com | www.06386644.com | www.862870.com | 6868tt.cc | WWW.557450.COM | 112o.net | www.43818g.com | 4809d.com | www.06386622.com | www.768656.com | 168cp-w.com | WWW.493600.COM | so33333.cc | www.38y.com | 3405www.com | www.j63568.com | www.126438.com | www.998855s.com | WWW.330650.COM | ss00558.com | WWW.54102.COM | 3614n.com | www.60123z.com | 75991h.com | www.12136x.com | www.235693.com | www.52022.tv | WWW.235105.COM | 83377s.com | WWW.723509.COM | 36408888.com | WWW.255240.COM | 88wb8.com | www.9818y.cc | 20177772.com | www.135539.com | 59964yy.com | www.661326.com | www.229075.com | www.7415d.com | www.799417.com | 44462949.com | WWW.4296.COM | 3379e.com | WWW.668490.COM | JS1388o.com | WWW.579651.COM | 11163355.com | WWW.130924.COM | 8344111.com | WWW.65093.COM | 33599ff.com | www.c147.vip | aaa4165.com | www.555hy.cc | jdb58.com | www.3416i.com | 9484H.com | www.9478b.com | 44488p.com | www.26299d.com | bwin68888.net | www.00665d.com | n2894.com | www.87096.com | 6944009.com | www.8839f.com | 66648z.com | www.3478r.cc | 3232394.com | www.5854o.cc | cp088t.com | www.zcwf6.com | 655660022.com | WWW.516267.COM | 579336.com | WWW.807226.COM | k14666.com | WWW.886665.COM | 2490g.com | WWW.440156.COM | ambjl03.com |