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    老子網_老子文化網_老子文化傳承

    傳統題材的武強年畫

    2019-3-27 21:43| 發布者: 上善若水| 查看: 788| 評論: 0

    摘要: 傳統題材的武強年畫內容十分廣泛,人物、山水、花鳥、古代歷史故事、神話傳說,以及小說戲曲、英雄豪杰、美女娃娃幾乎無所不包。被譽為“農耕社會的百科全書”“民俗生活的大觀園”。


    傳統年畫

    傳統題材的武強年畫內容十分廣泛,人物、山水、花鳥、古代歷史故事、神話傳說,以及小說戲曲、英雄豪杰、美女娃娃幾乎無所不包。特別是描繪人民群眾勞動生活,反映人民群眾道德觀念和宣揚傳統美德方面表現得更為突出。被譽為“農耕社會的百科全書”“民俗生活的大觀園”。

    此廳展示了明代、清代及民國早期的傳統題材武強年畫,大部分作品為老版資料,一部分為老版新印作品。













    神祃年畫 節日習俗

    神祃亦稱“紙馬”,是印在紙上的神像,祭祀神祇時貼用或焚化,大約是因為早期刻印的神像中多有馬的形象而得名,是適應年節的民俗活動而創造的。它源自遠古時期人們對自然、鬼神及祖先的崇拜,寄寓了驅邪禳災,迎福納祥的美好愿望。神祃多取材自佛、道、儒諸神,以及民間俗神、行業神師等。此類年畫大都色彩鮮明、構圖飽滿,有的已經淡化或失去神靈崇拜的意義,而重在襯托除舊迎新的歡樂情緒。





    吉祥喜慶 賜福迎祥

    吉祥美好的向往是過年時人們共同的心態。武強年畫以“吉祥喜慶”為主題的年畫是非常受歡迎的品種之一。他們或以象征寓意的形式,或以諧音、隱喻的方法表達喜慶祥瑞的意義,是對幸福生活的直接謳歌,表達了民眾迎福納祥的觀念。




    田園農耕 民俗風情



    小說戲曲 廣識博聞

    戲曲故事題材在武強年畫中占有很大比重,因為它“有說頭,有看頭”,貼在屋中常年欣賞,既能得到美的享受,又可以從中獲得歷史知識,還能起到教化啟蒙教育作用。在過去沒有電影、電視的年代,可謂是廣大農民最為喜愛的精神食糧。






    美女娃娃 寓意吉祥

    以娃娃美女為內容的年畫,反映了人們對家庭美滿、后代健康、生活幸福的憧憬。因此,一直受到人民群眾的喜愛。此類年畫大都以寓意形式反映吉祥如意的愿望,如裝飾荷花鯉魚的“連年有余”、以花瓶和如意組成的“平安如意”等。





    幽默諷喻 針砭時弊

    武強年畫很多作品對舊社會的黑暗及丑惡現象加以無情的鞭撻和揭露,尤其是對晚清以后政治腐敗予以辛辣諷刺,渲泄著民眾對黑暗社會的強烈不滿,具有鮮明的人民性和時代性。而具有童話色彩的年畫則幽默而富有想象,妙趣橫生,啟迪智慧并予人以美的享受。





    優良傳統 中華美德

    武強年畫歷來重視“成教化,助人倫”的教育功能。年畫藝人將正與邪、好與壞、美與丑、忠與奸的樸素認識,隱喻到人們喜聞樂見的年畫之中,起到了潤物無聲的良好效果。



    字畫融合 妙趣橫生

    組字畫是利用中國文字結構比較復雜的特點,將字與繪畫形象巧妙的結合起來的一種藝術形式,字體大多以人物、山水、花鳥、吉祥圖案或吉祥文字組成,是武強年畫中極具特色的一個品種,書畫一體,構思巧妙,妙趣橫生,具體特殊的藝術風格和審美情趣。







    經史典故 古今圣明

    經史典故系描繪典籍中的人和事,多是宣傳道德倫理的信條及文人雅士的清高韻事。此類年畫反映了武強民間年畫對傳統繪畫的借鑒和吸收,也表現了對古代圣賢的欣賞和愛戴,有重要的教化作用。





    花鳥動物 安定祥和

    此類年畫著力塑造充滿生命力的蓬勃向上、欣欣向榮的花鳥動物,并通過象征寓意的手法表現對美好生活的向往和追求。花鳥畫更適合新年住室的裝飾要求,因而占有較大的比重。



    未標題-3
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